Mid-Autumn Festival | 中秋佳节英语短句词汇来报到!

发表时间:2018-08-08 11:17

Mid-Autumn Festival | 中秋佳节英语短句词汇来报到!


中国传统节日中秋节马上到来,
今天就学习一些中秋节英语短句词汇。
预祝大家中秋节快乐哟!

中秋节起源
The Mid-Autumn Festival falls on the 15th day of the 8th lunar month, usually in early September to early October of the Gregorian calendar with full moon at night. It is a time for family members and loved ones to congregate and enjoy the full moon - an auspicious symbol of abundance,harmony and luck.

每年农历八月十五日,是传统的中秋佳节。这时是一年秋季的中期,所以被称为中秋。在这天,每个家庭都团聚在一起,一家人共同观赏象征丰裕、和谐和幸运的圆月。

The festival has a long history. In ancient China, emperors followed the rite of offering sacrifices to the sun in spring and to the moon in autumn. Historical books of the Zhou Dynasty had had the word "Mid-Autumn". Later aristocrats and literary figures helped expand the ceremony to common people. They enjoyed the full, bright moon on that day, worshipped it and expressed their thoughts and feelings under it. By the Tang Dynasty (618-907), the Mid-Autumn Festival had been fixed, which became even grander in the Song Dynasty (960-1279). In the Ming (1368-1644) and Qing (1644-1911) dynasties, it grew to be a major festival of China.

中秋节有悠久的历史,和其它传统节日一样,也是慢慢发展形成的,古代帝王有春天祭日,秋天祭月的礼制,早在《周礼》一书中,已有“中秋”一词的记载。后来贵族和文人学士也仿效起来,在中秋时节,对着天上又亮又圆一轮皓月,观赏祭拜,寄托情怀,这种习俗就这样传到民间,形成一个传统的活动,一直到了唐代,这种祭月的风俗更为人们重视,中秋节才成为固定的节日,《唐书·太宗记》记载有“八月十五中秋节”,这个节日盛行于宋朝,至明清时,已与元旦齐名,成为我国的主要节日之一。

The Mid-Autumn Festival probably began as a harvest festival. The festival was later given a mythological flavour with legends of Chang-E, the beautiful lady in the moon.

中秋节最早可能是一个庆祝丰收的节日。后来,月宫里美丽的仙女嫦娥的神话故事赋予了它神话色彩。

According to Chinese mythology, the earth once had 10 suns circling over it. One day, all 10 suns appeared together, scorching the earth with their heat. The earth was saved when a strong archer, Hou Yi, succeeded in shooting down 9 of the suns. Yi stole the elixir of life to save the people from his tyrannical rule, but his wife, Chang-E drank it. Thus started the legend of the lady in the moon to whom young Chinese girls would pray at the Mid-Autumn Festival.

传说古时候,天空曾有10个太阳。一天,这10个太阳同时出现,酷热难挡。弓箭手后翌射下了其中9个太阳,拯救了地球上的生灵。他偷了长生不死药,却被妻子嫦娥偷偷喝下。此后,每年中秋月圆之时,少女们都要向月宫仙女嫦娥祈福的传说便流传开来。

In the 14th century, the eating of mooncakes at Mid-Autumn Festival was given a new significance. The story goes that when Zhu Yuan Zhang was plotting to overthrow the Yuan Dynasty started by the Mongolians, the rebels hid their messages in the Mid-Autumn mooncakes. Zhong Qiu Jie is hence also a commemoration of the overthrow of the Mongolians by the Han people.

在14世纪,中秋节吃月饼又被赋予了一层特殊的含义。传说在朱元璋带兵起义推翻元朝时,将士们曾把联络信藏在月饼里。因此,中秋节后来也成为汉人推翻蒙古人统治的纪念日。

中秋相关活动

1)Eating Mooncakes 吃月饼
Mooncakes are traditional Chinese pastries eaten to celebrate the festival, which typically involves much giving, receiving, and eating of mooncakes.
月饼是传统的中华糕点。中秋节除了吃月饼,也讲究用月饼礼送往来。

2) Appreciating the Moon 赏月
In Chinese beliefs, the full moon is the symbol for a family reunion. Many famous ancient poets wrote poems about the moon and expressed their homesickness. Chinese family members have dinner together in the evening of the Mid-Autumn Festival.
在中国人看来,满月即象征阖家团圆。很多著名的诗人曾经写过关于月亮的诗,表达相思之情。

3) Making Colorful Lanterns 做彩灯
Making colorful lanterns is a joyous activity between families and children. They make them in different shapes to be hung in trees or houses, or floated on rivers. Parks will also hang up colorful lanterns, which provide a beautiful view at night.
做彩灯是大人和孩子之间共享欢乐的活动。灯笼做成不同的形状后,可以挂在树上,屋檐上,也可以放在河里和公园。

中秋节相关句子和词汇

Happy Mid-Autumn Festival!中秋节快乐!
Mid-autumn day / Mid-autumn Festival 中秋节
mooncake月饼
minimooncake 迷你月饼
mooncakes with meat 肉馅/月饼
moon cakes with nuts 五仁月饼
Mooncakes with egg 蛋黄月饼
ham mooncake火腿月饼
grapefruit / pomelo / shaddock 柚子
glue pudding汤圆
lantern / scaldfish灯笼
Chang E 嫦娥
Hou Yi 后羿
the Chinese lunar calendar 中国农历
official holiday 法定假日
Do you like moon cakes?你喜欢吃月饼吗?
What kind of moon cakes do you like?你喜欢什么口味的月饼?


中秋快乐的几种说法
Happy Mid-autumn day!
Happy Mid-autumn Festival!
Happy Moon Festival!
Happy Mooncake Festival!


分享到:
扫一扫关注微信号
PK家